SEMINAR REFLECTION – PRESS THEORIES

In this week’s seminar we discussed nominative theories of journalism and the way this affects developing countries. We discussed what the press ought to do and what the public expect them to do. It is common knowledge that journalists are expected to provide us with accurate and objective material. However, I noticed that during the discussions we got very passionate discussing whether journalists successfully do or don’t produce objective material. It was important to be reminded that we are discussing what they ought to do, know what they are doing. It is said that these theories complement journalistic practice and remain an important part of professional training, but it does not always get executed appropriately. The four theories are the following: non-democratic and democratic theories. The authoritarian, non-democratic theory suggests that journalism should always cater to the interests of the state in maintaining social order. The press should avoid any criticism of the government and should do nothing to challenge these authorities. We took Chinese media as an example for this, as many platforms are blocked and not accessible to the public. We argued the benefits of having such a system, which I said was that it allows them to keep their culture and moral standards, without being subjected to external influence.

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