Seminar Reflection – Fanon and Bhabha

During this week’s seminar we discussed post colonialism perspectives. In particular, we assessed the contribution postcolonial theorists to our understanding of the way the media repost cultural difference (cultural diversity is defined as the differences among people because of their ethnic backgrounds and traditions). Colonialism refers to the extension of a nation’s rule over territory beyond its border. This settlement of territory allowed for intellectual people to analyse the impact colonialism had on the people (psychologically) and the countries involved. The ‘coloniser’ produced knowledge in the form of literature to the public about the ‘colonised’ in order to prove its inferiority; it assessed the cosial and cultural inferiority that was imposed upon the colonised by the coloniser. We discussed that it is interesting to look at the way the coloniser writes/refers to the colonised country in their literature. This suggested that, like Spivak argued, the way language works was of great importance in establishing how the colonised was represented in the media. He argued that the ‘subaltern voice’, the lower classes who’s quality of discourse was inferior to that of professionals, was never heard or represented by the media. In addition, it was argued that the colonised never got the opportunity to circumvent the coloniser’s influence, both cultural- and socially. According to Frantz Fanon the only way a country could declare real ‘independence’ was through violence. In Fanon’s eyes, violence works in the country’s favour, as it is the only way in which a country can achieve to have their own sense of national identity.

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